Funder: The National Science Foundation
Due Date: February 20, 2018
The NRI-2.0 program builds upon the original National Robotics Initiative (NRI) program to support fundamental
research in the United States that will accelerate the development and use of collaborative robots (co-robots) that
work beside or cooperatively with people. The focus of the NRI-2.0 program is on ubiquity, which in this context
means seamless integration of co-robots to assist humans in every aspect of life.
The program supports four main research thrusts that are envisioned to advance the goal of ubiquitous co-robots:
scalability, customizability, lowering barriers to entry, and societal impact. Topics addressing scalability
include how robots can collaborate effectively with multiple humans or other robots; how robots can perceive, plan,
act, and learn in uncertain, real-world environments, especially in a distributed fashion; and how to facilitate largescale,
safe, robust and reliable operation of robots in complex environments. Customizability includes how to enable
co-robots to adapt to specific tasks, environments, or people, with minimal modification to hardware and software;
how robots can personalize their interactions with people; and how robots can communicate naturally with humans,
both verbally and non-verbally. Topics in lowering barriers to entry include development of open-source co-robot
hardware and software, as well as widely-accessible testbeds. Topics in societal impact include fundamental
research to establish and infuse robotics into educational curricula, advance the robotics workforce through education
pathways, and explore the social, economic, ethical, and legal implications of our future with ubiquitous collaborative
Collaboration between academic, industry, non-profit, and other organizations is encouraged to establish better
linkages between fundamental science and engineering and technology development, deployment, and use.
The NRI-2.0 program is supported by multiple agencies of the federal government including the National Science
Foundation (NSF), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), and the U.S.
Department of Defense (DOD). Questions concerning a particular project’s focus, direction and relevance to a
participating funding organization should be addressed to that agency’s point of contact, listed in section VIII of this solicitation.