Funder: National Institutes of Health
Due Date: 1/7/2020
The health and preventive benefits of treatment for HIV/AIDS, regardless of CD4 count, are now unequivocal. In the United States and globally, ambitious goals have been targeted for HIV testing, adherence, and retention in care, to optimize HIV clinical outcomes and preventive benefit. Additional tools are needed to inform the gaps and strategies that are unique to particular populations, cities, regions, and countries. Applications appropriate for this FOA could include formative basic behavioral and social science to better understand a step in the care continuum and/or multiple steps in the HIV care continuum, initial development and pilot tests of innovative approaches for intervention, and intervention efficacy trials.
PA-18-278 uses the R01 grant mechanism while PA-18-277 uses the R21 mechanism. High risk/high payoff projects that lack preliminary data or utilize existing data may be most appropriate for the R21 mechanism, while applicants with preliminary data and/or include longitudinal analysis may wish to apply using the R01 mechanism.